National University "Odessa Polytechnic"      Foreign Languages Department

Національний університет «Одеська політехніка» |Кафедра іноземних мов

Computer Systems

|Комп'ютерні системи (IКС)

|Компьютерные Системы

Прикладна математика | Applied Mathematics
Інженерія програмного забезпечення | Software engineering
Комп'ютерна інженерія та Автоматизація | Automation and Computer engineering
Комп'ютерні науки | Computer science
Комп'ютерні системи та мережі | Інформаційні системи і технології | Information systems

Кафедра іноземних мов:

Final Test paper

|Контрольна робота випускного іспиту

Comments: 1581
  • #1581

    Lebedeva E. (Wednesday, 22 June 2022 15:38)

    To Stanislav Berezovskiy AM-211 Thanks for the comment and an exam topic.

  • #1580

    Stanislav Berezovskiy AM-211 (Lebedeva) (Wednesday, 22 June 2022 15:02)

    System Programming

    System programmer - person, who creates programmes, that solve problems of a general computational nature - allocation and sharing of resources, access to devices, providing environments for developing, launching and executing other programs.
    He is engaged in the development of operating systems, utilities, drivers for a monitor or printer, graphic "engines" for computer games, software systems that ensure the smooth operation of computer components, and sometimes databases.
    Before starting to learn system programming, let's decide on the operating system. If you like C, C++, C# and have no strong desire to write cross-platform software, then the choice is obvious - Windows. For those looking at Python, JavaScript is more suitable for a simple modern Linux distribution such as Ubuntu. The first step is not to learn syntax, but to understand data structures and basic algorithms. It is recommended to start with a high-level language such as Java or C#. So you get a better understanding of the essence of programming. Having studied the basic algorithms, you can begin to study the syntax and design features of your preferred language. Any learning always happens faster on real tasks, so just come up with them. For example, write a "Cookbook" for your mother and a "Hockey standings" for your father. After creating several of your projects, making and correcting hundreds of mistakes, you finally became a system programmer

  • #1579

    Stanislav Berezovskiy AM-211 (Lebedeva) (Wednesday, 22 June 2022 13:24)
    Today i have read the article called "Plastic waste is a resource that doesn't have to end up in the oceans". It tells us about ocean plastic pollution and how it can be used profitably. At least 15 tons of plastic are dumped into the ocean every minute and this figure is increasing year on year. Mankind has already generated at least 6.3 billion tons of plastic waste. The problem is that 79% of this plastic has been dumped, and huge part of it has ended up in the oceans. But we can use plastic for our own purposes so that it gets into the ocean as little as possible. For example, we can use it instead of coal as a fuel in cement kilns. Pilot project showed, that plastic emissions meet the most stringent standards for pollutant emissions. Just one such replacement would prevent plastic from entering the oceans, reduce the need for large amounts of coal, and indirectly reduce greenhouse gas emissions. I think, that in the future we will be able to find other ways to use plastic to reduce pollution to a minimum.
    1)multiple levels
    There are multiple levels offered, from beginner to advanced.
    2)case studies
    We were told to do a case studies as homework
    3)when compared
    It's pretty cheap when compared to other brands.

  • #1578

    Miroshnik Dmitriy, AC-215 (Drozhzhina I) (Wednesday, 22 June 2022 08:48)

    Unit 1. Importance of software engineering
    All of these applications need software engineering, they do not all need the same software engineering techniques.


    Your score is 100%.

    2) Organizations and administration management.
    Management is the skill of getting the work done from others. It is not exactly same as administration, which gefines a process of effectively administering the entire organization. The most important point that differs management from the administration is that the former is concerned with directing or guiding the operations of the organization, whereas the latter stresses on laying down the policies and establishing the objectives of the organization. Broadly speaking, management takes into account the directing and controlling functions of the organization, whereas administration is related to planning and organizing function. Management also includes planning, policy formulation, and implementation as well, thus covering the functions of administration.

    Final Test paper -1
    4 / 4

    Your score is 100%.
    You have completed the exercise.

  • #1577

    Miroshnik Dmitriy, AC-215 (Drozhzhina I.) (Wednesday, 22 June 2022 08:13)

    Where is the exam ?

  • #1576

    Nevreva M.M. to Parkhidko Kateryna AD-212 (Tuesday, 21 June 2022 15:55)

    Kateryna, thank you for your comments, they are quite good, though not all of them are connected with your specialty. In# 1572 in the last sentence you, probably, meant:" I think that this project is....", in # 1570 it's better to say "It was interesting to read it".

  • #1575

    Parkhidko Kateryna AD-212 (Tomenko M.) Debt (Monday, 20 June 2022 20:13)

    Article’s link:

    Today I have read the article named «Colorful urban environments, even if just in virtual reality, promote well-being”. This text is about one study that showed that virtual reality could be a very useful tool for urban planners, allowing them to test the impact of various interventions virtually. According to the results, it is suggested that increasing the amount of green vegetation and colorful designs in urban environments could enhance the well-being of city dwellers, putting a new spin on the term "concrete jungle.”.
    But as for their future plans the researchers hope to make the VR experience even more immersive to obtain the most accurate results.

    Phrases of the day and their audio description:

    1. conduct research - The company already conducts research in Australia, Holland, and Israel.
    2. considerable disagreement - As a result, there is considerable disagreement about how best to treat them.
    3. controversial question - They told me it was a controversial question and I decided not to ask anything more.

  • #1574

    Parkhidko Kateryna AD-212 (Tomenko M.) Debt (Monday, 20 June 2022 20:13)

    Article’s link:

    Today I have read the article named «Scientists break through exascale barrier for quantum chemistry simulations”. This article is about Perlmutter - Supercomputer. In confirming this, it should also be mentioned that it is currently the fifth fastest computer in the world. It was new for me to found out that The basis was a new simulation method that Plessl and Kühne developed in recent years. I’ve also read that as technology leadership in the digitalization of science increasingly became an issue of international competitiveness, the race for the first exascale computer has now evolved into a global contest, also called the "space race of the 21st century."

    Phrases of the day and their audio description:

    1. distinct from - Fortitude is distinct from valour.
    2. examine more closely - This pair of posts will examine more closely four types of weapons.
    3. estimate the effects of - The effect estimates of the moment method were clearly biased towards zero.

  • #1573

    Parkhidko Kateryna AD-212 (Tomenko M.) Debt (Monday, 20 June 2022 20:12)

    Article’s link:
    Voice: 1hx778ilsVbF

    Today I have read the article named «Supercomputer debuts as world's fastest, breaking the exascale barrier”. This article is about the Frontier supercomputer at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory earned the top ranking today as the world's fastest. I found out that the system is the first to achieve an unprecedented level of computing performance known as exascale, a threshold of a quintillion calculations per second. The next fact about Frontier was that this new amazing cooling system promotes a quieter data center by removing the need for a noisier, air-cooled system.

    Phrases of the day and their audio description:

    1. a breakthrough in - This job could be the breakthrough she's been waiting for.
    2. ability to achieve - Be positive and confident about your ability to achieve your goals.
    3. able to target - You need to do a little practice too to be able to target.

  • #1572

    Parkhidko Kateryna AD-212 (Nevreva M.M.) Debt (Monday, 20 June 2022 20:11)

    Article’s link:

    Today I have read the article named «New technique brings the study of molecular configuration into the microscopic domain”. After reading this new article I found out that researchers have developed a spectroscopic microscope to enable optical measurements of molecular conformations and orientations in biological samples. Besides this fact, the author of the text added that this new incredible instrument is based on the discrete frequency infrared spectroscopic imaging technique developed by researchers at the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. I read that this project is about bringing the study of molecular chirality into the microscopic domain.

    Phrases of the day and their audio description:

    1. Be expressed - She was much too cautious and expressed no interest.
    2. At every point - At every point here more examples would have been better.
    3. Backed up by - The other party made a bad counterclaim, which was backed up by their lawyer.

  • #1571

    Parkhidko Kateryna AD-212 (Nevreva M.M.) Debt (Monday, 20 June 2022 20:11)

    Article’s link:

    Today I have read the article named «Putting the theory of special relativity into practice, by counting galaxies”. This article is about galaxy studies. According to the text, the research is telling us that we as a planet have a funny motion, but that funny motion is consistent with everything we know about the universe, and the astrophysics professor Darling added that people are not special as a galaxy or as observers.”. Moreover after analyzing the surveys, Darling said that he and his team found a bright direction and a dim direction, they found a direction where there were more galaxies and a direction where there were fewer galaxies.

    Phrases of the day and their audio description:

    1. In order to avoid - In order to avoid it, one has two general options.
    2. In a somewhat - The price is somewhat higher than I expected.
    3. In greater detail - It is not the intention here to examine the provisions of each convention in great detail.

  • #1570

    Parkhidko Kateryna AD-212 (Nevreva M.M.) Debt (Monday, 20 June 2022 20:10)

    Article’s link:

    Today I have read the article named «Physicists shine light on solid way to extend excitons' life”. The author tells us about optics researchers at The University of Texas at Dallas that have shown for the first time that a new method for manufacturing ultra-thin semiconductors yields material in which excitons survive up to 100 times longer than in materials created with previous methods and I was really interested reading it. According to the article, the researchers next will try to manipulate more excitons with an electric field, which will be a key step toward creating quantum-level logic elements.

    Phrases of the day and their audio description:

    1)de facto - I have worked hard and that is proving I am the de facto leader of the company.
    2)deserves special attention - Although much of the work looks good, several artists here deserve special attention.
    3)derived from - All steroid hormones are derived from cholesterol.

  • #1569

    Parkhidko Kateryna AD-212 (Nevreva M.M.) Debt (Monday, 20 June 2022 20:09)

    Article’s link:

    Today I have read the article named «How computer simulation will accelerate development of human-interactive 'smart robots’”. This article is about robots’ simulations, what advantages these robots have and a few studies about robots. According to the article robots are really useful: they can pick stuff up, they are able to manipulate it and put things together and fix things, to help you off the floor and with a lot of other things. Moreover a lot of researchers hope that simulation will lead to breakthroughs in the design of smart robots in a matter of years rather than decades.

    Phrases of the day and their audio description:

    1. described above - As described above, I use the machine.
    2. grouped into - The fact sheets are grouped into seven sections.
    3. identify the areas - Identify areas that allow you to easily walk your dog.

  • #1568

    Parkhidko Kateryna AD-212 (Nevreva M.M.) Debt (Monday, 20 June 2022 20:08)

    Article’s link:

    Today I have read the article named «Concurrent heatwaves seven times more frequent than 1980s”. This article tells us about different studies of multiple large heatwaves. It was also mentioned that exactly these concurrent heat events also grew hotter and larger. As the result their intensity rose by 17% and their geographic extent increased 46%. But the following fact impressed me more than the rest - the researchers added the continued rise in temperature means the world should prepare for more concurrent heatwaves and more evidence for the need to curb greenhouse gas emissions and mitigate climate change.

    Phrases of the day and their audio description:

    1. Concurrent systems - This is not an adequate solution in highly concurrent systems where reliability is required.
    2. Proof theory -  The combination of program composition, intersection and tests makes its proof-theory rather difficult.
    3. Computer simulation - The results from computer simulation demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method.

  • #1567

    Parkhidko Kateryna AD-212 (Nevreva M.M.) Debt (Monday, 20 June 2022 20:06)

    Article’s link:

    Today I have read the article named «If we put computers in our brains, strange things might happen to our minds». This article tells us about how the human brain is working and functioning. According to the text our brain is amazingly adaptable and it can regulate our heart rate, have nightmares, remember a song you last heard decades ago from just a few notes and even pick up an completely new foreign language. It was also mentioned that neuroplasticity is our brain's way of keeping up with changes to the external environment or to the body itself.

    Phrases of the day and their audio description:

    1. poorly understood - The entire system is poorly understood and dangerously unstable.
    2. pilot study - In our pilot study we surveyed a small number of decision makers.
    3. Flow chart - The considerations involved in the name change process are illustrated by the flow chart.

  • #1566

    Lebedeva E. (Monday, 20 June 2022 09:26)

    To Ryzhenko A. AM-212 Your final grade is 80 points. Good luck!

  • #1565

    Lebedeva E. (Monday, 20 June 2022 09:21)

    To Andrey Gorenko AM-212 Your final grade is 85 points. Good luck!

  • #1564

    Lebedeva E. (Monday, 20 June 2022 09:17)

    To Tsaryuk Kirill AC-214 Your final grade is points. Good luck!

  • #1563

    Ryzhenko A. AM-212( Lebedeva E.V.) (Monday, 20 June 2022 09:13)

    Topic: Computer circuit engineering.
    Computer circuitry engineering is a scientific and technical discipline that studies theoretical methods of analysis and synthesis of computer circuits and the means of their technical implementation.
    Computer circuitry engineering affects computer architecture and qualities like an increase in their productivity and reliability, and a significant reduction in mass and size.
    Technical instruments of computer circuitry are currently based on integrated circuits of varying complexity.

  • #1562

    Andrey Gorenko AM-212 (Lebedeva E.V.) (Monday, 20 June 2022 09:12)

    A high-level language (HLL) is a programming language such as C, FORTRAN, or Pascal that enables a programmer to write programs that are more or less independent of a particular type of computer. Such languages are considered high-level because they are closer to human languages and further from machine languages. In computer science, a high-level programming language is a programming language with strong abstraction from the details of the computer. In contrast to low-level programming languages, it may use natural language elements, be easier to use, or may automate (or even hide entirely) significant areas of computing systems, making the process of developing a program simpler and more understandable than when using a lower-level language. The amount of abstraction provided defines how "high-level" a programming language is.


  • #1561

    Yershova Y. (Monday, 20 June 2022 08:51)

    Matiukhin Vlad AC-214 (Yershova) (Monday, 20 June 2022 )
    Your final grade is 70 points. Good luck!

  • #1560

    Tsaryuk Kirill AC-214(Lebedeva) (Monday, 20 June 2022 08:48)

    When comparing generic software and custom software, there are a lot of minor differences. Custom Development has a higher cost and less support but has a narrower functionality. Generic software looks like a better choice at first glance because it is less expensive, more user friendly and has a tighter control during its development and also has more functionality but you should always evaluate the needs and what the task is before you. After all, the software architecture for generic software must be scalable, which custom software may not create because it is designed to solve a specific problem.

  • #1559

    Lebedeva E. (Monday, 20 June 2022 08:47)

    To Ryzhenko A. AM-212 Please< contact me

  • #1558

    Matiukhin Vlad AC-214 (Yershova) (Monday, 20 June 2022 08:31)

    A system development life cycle is essentially a project management model. System development life cycles are typically used when developing IT projects.
    It defines different stages that are necessary to bring a project from its initial idea or conception all the way to deployment and later maintenance.
    There are seven primary stages of the modern system development life cycle.
    Planning Stage Stage
    Requirements Analysis Stage
    Design and Prototyping Stage
    Software Development Stage
    Software Testing Stage
    Implementation and Integration Stage
    Operations and Maintenance Stage
    Ultimately, any development team in both the IT and other industries can benefit from implementing system development life cycles into their projects.

  • #1557

    Ryzhenko A. AM-212( to Lebedeva E.V.) (Monday, 20 June 2022 08:27)

    Good morning! Sorry for disturb, but I would like to clarify. We are not computer engineering, We r computer systems and networks(specialized computer systems). So we have to do a unit from Computer Engineering?
    And I cannot find the second exercise.
    Thank You.

  • #1556

    Tamara Kudinova (Monday, 20 June 2022 08:24)

    To Tkachenko A. Your exam topic is Computer circuit engineering.

  • #1555

    Tamara Kudinova (Monday, 20 June 2022 08:15)

    To Group AI-213. Good morning! The exam has started. Read the instructions carefully and do the tasks, you have 40 minutes.
    Your exam task:
    Matsansky A.
    1.Summarizing, Unit 4.
    2.Topic: Waterfall model.
    3. Final Test paper 4
    Ryzhkov A.
    1.Summarizing, Unit 7.
    2.Topic: Phases of system programming.
    3. Final Test paper 7.
    Tkachenko A.
    1. Summarizing, Unit 4. Computer circuit engineering.
    3. Final Test paper 4.
    Good luck!

  • #1554

    Tsapenko to group AI 213 (Monday, 20 June 2022 08:09)

    Good morning! The exam has started. Read the instructions carefully and do the tasks. You have 40 minutes for the tasks.
    Zaharchenko AI -213
    Your exam task:
    1. Summarizing, Unit 5
    2. Topic : The Development of Windows Versions
    3. Final Test paper 5комп-ютерні-системи-iкс/інженерія-програмного-забезпечення-software-engineering/
    Good luck.

  • #1553

    Lebedeva E. and Andreikova I. to AM-212 (Monday, 20 June 2022 08:06)

    Good morning! The exam has started. Read the instructions carefully and do the tasks. You have 40 minutes for the tasks.
    Your exam task:
    Ryzhenko A. AM-212
    1. Summarizing, Unit 4.комп-ютерні-системи-iкс/комп-ютерна-інженерія-computer-engineering/
    2. Topic: Computer circuit engineering.
    3. Final Test paper 4.
    Good luck!

    Gorenko A. AM-212
    Your exam task:
    1. Summarizing, Unit 8комп-ютерні-системи-iкс/комп-ютерна-інженерія-computer-engineering/
    2. Topic: High level languages
    3. Final Test paper 8
    Good luck.

  • #1552

    Yershova Y., Popovych O. to AC 214 (Monday, 20 June 2022 08:01)

    Good morning! The exam has started, read the instruction carefully and do the following tasks :
    To Legkiy Pavlo
    1.Summarizing, Unit 4.
    2.Topic: Waterfall model.
    3. Final Test paper 4

    To Matiukhin Vlad
    1.Summarizing, Unit 7.
    2.Topic: Phases of system programming.
    3. Final Test paper 7.

    Good luck.

  • #1551

    Lebedeva E. V. and Popovych O.S. (Monday, 20 June 2022 08:01)

    Good morning! The exam has started. Read the instructions carefully and do the tasks. You have 40 minutes for the tasks.
    Tsariuk K. AC-214
    Your exam task:
    1. Summarizing, Unit 6
    2. Topic Generic and customized product
    3. Final Test paper 6комп-ютерні-системи-iкс/інженерія-програмного-забезпечення-software-engineering/
    Good luck.

  • #1550

    Lebedeva E. (Monday, 20 June 2022 07:08)

    To Andrey Vlasenko AI-212 Thanks for the comments, audio and exam topics.

  • #1549

    Andrey Vlasenko AI-212 (Lebedeva) Debt for 03.06 (Sunday, 19 June 2022 21:53)


    Today I've read the article "Invention uses machine-learned human emotions to 'drive' autonomous vehicles". It talks about a new approach that aims to solve the problem of the strong fear of people (in particular, Americans) of robotic technologies for automatic control of a car. It is based on the use of machine learning to understand human emotions for the most comfortable driving experience in a "co-driving" mode. For a person interested in machine learning who also used Github Copilot and had very positive opinion on such co-working mod with an AI, this idea seemed interesting to me, I will track if it gets any further development.

    Phrases of the day:
    1) above the average -- And the level of their quality is much above the average.
    2) invention relates to -- The invention relates to anti-dazzle devices for both polarized and non-polarized radiation.
    3) information management -- Better information management and analysis benefits at-risk and affected populations.

    + Exam topic
    11. History of computer software.
    Within the framework of the DevOps transition, the following 4 stages of software development are distinguished: 1) The initial stage from the advent of computers as such until about 1985 is characterized by the fact that programs are developed for themselves. 2) Software creation is starting to take shape as a business line. This becomes possible because there are more users of the programs and it is possible to build programs for sale. 3) IT business moves to the Internet, but browsers still work so-so. 4) There is practically no installed software left, and a little of the existing one is updated via the Internet. The Internet is used everywhere, social networks and entertainment software that live exclusively on the Internet are becoming popular. You can implement complex dynamic functionality of interfaces directly in the browser - and we are moving there.

  • #1548

    Andrey Vlasenko AI-212 (Lebedeva) debt for 20.05 (Sunday, 19 June 2022 21:53)


    Today I've read the article "The ethics of artificial intelligence". This article starts with an overview of what AI is and what ethical questions it raises from the point of view of the authors. The article is made in the form of answers to questions, and while asking complex questions, the article are not even trying to give specific answers to them or provide some ideas in that area. Therefore, I do not find this article interesting.

    Phrases of the day:
    1) common problem -- A common problem is the tendency for most support services to be supply-driven.
    2) according to -- We develop functionality according to the requirements and architecture or according to detailed design.
    3) nonetheless -- They may nonetheless contact their friends and family by telephone.

    + Exam topic
    5. Antivirus programs
    Antivirus programs are programs that protect your computer from viruses, trojan horses and other malware. They are often considered as simple databases of known malware, but truth is that there is real arms race between virus creators and antivirus creators. In past, antiviruses mostly used some signatures of files to find known malwares, so that they managed to start embedding in the code of other applications. And now, moder antiviruses are using Machine Learning to find any traces of computer threats. And of course, for every action there is a reaction... The battle continues.

  • #1547

    Andrey Vlasenko AI-212 (Lebedeva) Debt for 06.05 (Sunday, 19 June 2022 21:52)


    Today I've read the article "Innovаtive design of titаnium аlloy with supreme properties by 3D printing". Most people believe that 3D printing technology hаs applications exclusively in the field of creаting complex geometric objects. This аrticle tells us about another use of a 3D printer in the task of creating innovative materials (in this case, titanium alloy). As someone intent on building giant robots, I find this post useful to read, and I hope that area of using 3D printers with metals will continue developing.

    Phrases of the day:
    1) complex mixture -- The taste is often experienced as a complex mixture of both temperature and texture.
    2) following example -- In the following example, graph G and graph H are homeomorphic.
    3) relatively low -- For chemicals with relatively low lipid solubility such as HCH, elimination process is faster and so potential for biomagnification decreases.

    Exam topic:
    12. Trusted operating systems
    The idea of trusted operating system is that it provides enough support for multilevel security to meet a particular set of government requirements. That criterias are a common work of US, Canada and some European countries. You need some time to ensure that your operating system is trusted, so such systems are not the newest, you'll see there something like Apple Mac OS X 10.6 or Microsoft Windows 7, not something you'll use for your PC, but perfect for the area of government security. Moveover, you'll sometimes see even older OS, for example Defence Department of the United States uses special version of Windows XP with regular security fixes.

  • #1546

    Dmitry Zakharchenko AI-213 Exam Topic (What is the difference between cli and gui)/ Tsapenko (Sunday, 19 June 2022 17:33)

    Today I have read the article:What is the difference between cli and gui? So,CLI is the word form used for Command Line Interface. CLI permits users to put in writing commands associate degree exceedingly in terminal or console window to interact with an operating system. CLI is a platform or medium wherever users answer a visible prompt by writing a command and get the response from the system, for this users have to be compelled to kind command or train of command for performing the task. CLI is suitable for pricey computing wherever input exactitude is the priority. On the other hand GUI stands for Graphical User Interface. GUI permits users to use the graphics to interact with an operating system. In the graphical user interface, menus are provided such as windows, scrollbars, buttons, wizards, painting pictures, alternative icons, etc. It’s intuitive, simple to find out, and reduces psychological feature load. In GUI, the information is shown or presented to the user in any form such as: plain text, videos, images, etc.

  • #1545

    Dmitry Zakharchenko AI-213 Exam Topic (What is Word Processing)/ Tsapenko (Sunday, 19 June 2022 17:26)

    Today I have read the article:What is Word Processing? Word processing is the process of creating and editing documents on a computer. It allows a user to create documents that mimic the format and style of a typical typewriter. It requires a computer and word processing software. A printer may also be used to create a physical copy of the document.Word processing is one of the earliest and most commonly used types of computer software. In fact, word processing software is often cited as a major factor in the launch the personal computer industry. This software did such a great job of automating processes that had previously been performed by a dedicated machine that this type of software helped bring personal computers into the households of regular people, rather than just businesses.

  • #1544

    Dmitry Zakharchenko AI-213 Exam Topic (Trusted operating systems)/ Tsapenko (Sunday, 19 June 2022 17:18)

    Today I have read the article:Trusted operating systems. What is Trusted operating systems? We have different standards organizations that decide and approve certain standards. Groups like ISO are organizations whom release standards for machines, operation procedures, devices and software systems. Similarly, there is a set of standards that are made by government bodies to describe the best security standard for a operating system. One of them is the Common Criteria which is a list of requirements that an operating system must have in order to be fit to be marked as Trusted Operating System. There is no perfect definition for a trusted operating system other than that it is an operating system that meet these standards. These standards may also vary from country to country. Some countries may due to political or technical reasons consider the standards prescribed by another group to be insecure and may have their own standards to call an OS tursted.

  • #1543

    Dmitry Zakharchenko AI-213 Exam Topic (History of computer software)/ Tsapenko (Sunday, 19 June 2022 17:08)

    Today I have read the article: History of computer software. Software is the component in a computer system that permits the hardware to perform the various functions that a computer system is capable of doing and the history of it and its development can be traced to the early nineteenth century. All computer systems are designed to utilize the "stored program concept" as first developed by Charles Babbage in the 1850s. The concept was lost until the mid-1940s, when modern computers made their appearance. Today, because of the complex and myriad tasks that a computer system can perform, there has been a differentiation of types of software. There is software designed to perform specific business applications. There is software that controls the overall operation of a computer system. And there is software that is designed to carry out specialized tasks. Regardless of types, software is the most critical component of any computer system. Without it, all one has is a collection of circuits, transistors, and silicone chips.

  • #1542

    Dmitry Zakharchenko AI-213 Exam Topic (History of programming)/ Tsapenko (Sunday, 19 June 2022 17:03)

    Today I have read the article: History of programming. Programming began in 1822 with Charles Babbage's invention of the difference engine. This was in fact the first mechanical computer ever, it could perform simple calculations and executed these tasks by changing gears for different operations. In 1945, John Von Neumann who worked for the Institute for Advanced Study devised two important concepts that helped sculpt the future of computer programming. In 1957, the world first got a taste of a major programming language in the form of FORTRAN. This language was designed at IBM for scientific calculations and although it did that well, it was not designed to handle input and output from users, which was what most people and companies expected.

  • #1541

    Dmitry Zakharchenko AI-213 Exam Topic (Device drivers)/ Tsapenko (Sunday, 19 June 2022 16:55)

    Today I have read the exam topic:Device drivers. Device drivers are computer applications that facilitate the interaction between userprograms and hardware devices. Drivers communicate with hardware components via acomputer communications bus or computer subsystems that attach hardware devices. A userapplication initiates a query into the driver, which in turn passes the query to the attachedcomponent in a synchronized format. Once the hardware responds with data, the driver repliesthe user program with the fetched data.Drivers play a crucial role in Linux operating systems. User applications can runeffectively on both higher levels and on lower levels.

  • #1540

    Dmitry Zakharchenko AI-213 Exam Topic (Antivirus Programs)/ Tsapenko (Sunday, 19 June 2022 16:49)

    Today I have read the exam topic: Antivirus Programs. That part is very important because choosing the best antivirus software for your computer can be a daunting task due to all the criteria that must be considered. You may be interested in a basic security solution for your PC or laptop, or a highly advanced system that’s capable of protecting your entire household against viruses, hacker attacks, and fraud. You need to understand every moment of it to save your private information. There are so many programms that can help you to guard your Pc, there are:Bitdefender,Norton,Panda,McAfee.

  • #1539

    Dmitry Zakharchenko AI-213 Exam Topic (The development of Windows versions )/ Tsapenko (Sunday, 19 June 2022 16:38)

    Today I have read the exam topic:The development of Windows versions. The journey for Windows began on November 10, 1983, with the release of Microsoft windows Beta 1.0, which was followed by Windows 2.0 and then Windows 3.0 in May 1990. The above versions allowed Windows programmers to overcome 2 problems. A GUI Interface was available that simplified computer usage greatly and allowed a user to multitask. However, they still faced a few challenges. These challenges were in the minds of the programmers as they worked on the next version, Windows NT which was released in July 1993. This software was designed to allow full exploitation of the microprocessors while retaining the simple, object-oriented user interface the previous versions had. Another key focus was on providing simple and transparent access to network services. Windows 3.1 had been released in 1992 and included minor improvements to Windows 3.0. Thus, in July 2003, Windows NT 3.1 was introduced.The next version that Microsoft worked on was called Chicago. However, Chicago itself was never released.The next version came in the year 2000 and was known as Windows 2000. It was available in six editions. Different versions and was based on the previous NT technology. Then Microsoft created many versions which we know:Vista,Windows 7 and Windows 10.

  • #1538

    Dmitry Zakharchenko AI-213 (The importance of system software for computer operation.)/ Tsapenko (Sunday, 19 June 2022 15:57)

    Today i have read the exam topic:The importance of system software for computer operation. While just about everyone uses a computer in some way, shape or form on a daily basis, there are relatively few people who understand how vitally important computer software is to the usefulness and functionality of even simple devices. For instance, the accounting package might contain a bookkeeping program, an audit program, a data base management program, a tax preparation program, a time tracking and billing program or any number of other related programs. In many cases each of these kinds of accounting programs could stand alone, but they become much more powerful when they operate together as a complete package.

  • #1537

    Lebedeva E (Sunday, 19 June 2022 10:11)

    To Kirill Tsaryuk AC-214 Thanks for the comments.

  • #1536

    Kirill Tsaryuk AC-214 (Lebedeva) (Saturday, 18 June 2022 12:04)

    Today I have read the article: “Sending out bacteria-carrying mosquitos to protect people from dengue“. The authors of Chaos In analyzing the previous most common diseases in the world, found that once they increase immunity in the most vulnerable geographic regions, this directly affects the ranking of other areas, which is a signal that they should focus resources to strengthen immunity in certain regions. The results of this study will be useful against many diseases such as fever, yellow fever, Zika virus, dengue. They hope that the method developed to increase immunity from the disease can be extrapolated to combat other vector-borne diseases.
    Record :

  • #1535

    Kirill Tsaryuk AC-214 (Lebedeva) (Saturday, 18 June 2022 11:38)

    Today i have read the article: “Liberals and conservatives have different views on equity, but share 'protestant work ethic”. During a political debate in the United States of America, researchers in the journal social psychological and personality science, interested in the question of the moral foundations of the adult generation, studied a sample of 1,500 American adults. Participants fill out a questionnaire about moral foundations assessed by looking at various moral principles. Although the experiment is still not finished, the researchers have already made some conclusions and linked it to the political ideology of people. The researchers believe that if they can't understand how the principles operate in cultural contexts outside of the United States of America, they will have a much better idea of ​​how people understand our moral assessments of justice and order.

  • #1534

    Kirill Tsaryuk AC-214 (Lebedeva) (Saturday, 18 June 2022 11:19)

    Today i have read the article: “Positive effects of shading and watering on early seedling survival after topsoil translocation in karst region”. Tropical botanical garden scientists in China from the Chinese Academy of Sciences studied how shading and watering affect the survival and growth of seedlings and how different species react to this. After conducting 90 experiments on different sites measuring 4 m by 4 m, they found that shading and high planting density reduced species diversity. After the first experiment of this kind, they suggested that the composition should be recommended in the first 2-3 years after changing the top one's post only by 45% in order to increase the adaptability of species and accelerate the creation of such forests.


  • #1533

    Kirill Tsaryuk AC-214 (Lebedeva) (Saturday, 18 June 2022 11:05)

    Today i have read the article: "Researchers outline the current state of potassium-ion battery technology”. At the moment, almost all electronics use lithium-ion batteries, they have good reviews, but the lithium reserves on the planet are declining. Because of this, scientists have to find analogues of lithium-ion batteries. A trio of researchers with the University of Wollongong, in Australia, has published an outline of the current state of potassium-ion battery technology. In their article, they cited 5 disadvantages of a potential replacement for lithium batteries. They hope that with the help of science, in the next 20 years, humanity will be able to complete a more environmentally friendly replacement for the current generation of batteries that are not environmentally friendly and difficult to manufacture.

  • #1532

    Nikita Alexeenko AM-211 (Andreikova) (Friday, 17 June 2022 19:52)

    Today i have read the article: "Machine learning uncovers missing information about ethnicity and Aboriginal status in population health data: study". The World Health Organization recognizes ethnicity and indigenous peoples as determinants of health. However, they are not mentioned in large databases that track acute and chronic diseases. Therefore, researchers cannot conclude whether certain ethnic groups have higher incidence rates. They created a machine learning system to analyze the names and geographic locations of those surveyed in the 1901 census. They expects to learn more from existing records without having to conduct time-consuming population surveys. I think this method can replace population surveys.